A Cookie file is – according to Wikipedia - a small piece of data sent from a website and stored in a user's web browser while a user is browsing a website.
When the user browses the same website in the future, the data stored in the cookie can be retrieved by the website to notify the website of the user's previous activity.
Cookies were designed to be a reliable mechanism for websites to remember the state of the website or activity the user had taken in the past.
This can include clicking particular buttons, logging in, or a record of which pages were visited by the user even months or years ago. More information on that topic can be found on Wikipedia.
Purposes of storage and gaining access to cookies:
- Website personalisation (for example: saving font size, sight challenged version of website or template version)
- Saving data or user’s decisions (for example, no need to enter login and password on every website, remembering login during the next visit, keeping information on products added to cart)
- Social websites integration (for example: displaying your friends, fans or post publishing on Facebook or Google+ directly from the website)
- Adjusting adverts that are displayed on the website
- Creating website’s statistics and flow statistics between different websites
Below, one can find links to sources showing how to set storage conditions and gain access to cookies already stored in the user’s device for the most popular internet browsers.
- Internet Explorer
Due to the vast number of technological solutions, it is impossible to publish clear guidelines on setting the conditions of storage and gaining access to cookies using the settings of all available devices and software installed on them.
However, in most cases, select "Tools" or "Settings", and there find the section that corresponds to the configuration settings for cookies or the management of privacy.
Detailed information is usually provided by the device manufacturer or browser in a manual or on their website.