Values and Philosophy
Maslow's hierarchy of needs underpins COPE Scotland's philosophy and practice. Maslow saw human beings' needs arranged like a ladder.
Maslow felt that unfulfilled needs lower on the ladder would inhibit the person from climbing to the next step.
Someone dying of thirst quickly forgets their thirst when they have no oxygen.
The most basic needs are:
- Physical - air, water, food, sex.
- Security, stability followed by psychological or social needs for belonging, love, and acceptance.
- At the top of it all were the self-actualising needs, the need to fulfil oneself, to become all that one is capable of becoming.
- Benedict and Wertheimer were Maslow's models of self-actualisation, from which he generalised that, among other characteristics, self-actualising people tend to:
- Focus on problems outside of themselves.
- Have a clear sense of reality.
- Are spontaneous, creative, and resilient.
- Contribute positively to their community.
- Peak experiences are profound moments of love, understanding, happiness, or rapture, when a person feels more whole, alive, self-sufficient and yet a part of the world, more aware of truth, justice, harmony, and goodness.
- Self-actualising people have many such peak experiences.